PG vs VG - Which PG/VG Ratio is Best?
Once most vapers become a bit more experienced with their hobby, they begin making minor adjustments to their general setup in order to achieve their sweet spot, which is that right combination of settings and e-liquid attributes that brings the most satisfaction based on their individual needs. One of the most commonly adjusted aspects of vaping is the ratio of vegetable glycerin to propylene glycol, known as the VG/PG ratio.
As it turns out, even small adjustments in the ratio of your e-liquid can alter your vaping experience pretty dramatically. This is why knowing what each ratio does to your vaping experience is so important. Changing that ratio can give you bigger clouds, stronger flavor or a more powerful throat hit.
We created a guide to understanding the most commonly found e-juice ratios. This will help you figure out which ratio you need to switch over to in order to satisfy your unique vaping needs.
What’s a Ratio and Why is it So Important?
In case you aren’t familiar with how ratios work, allow us to explain. E-liquid contains four ingredients: propylene glycol (PG), vegetable glycerin (VG), nicotine, and flavoring. The PG and VG make up what’s called the base, and they exist solely to ensure that a vape juice has the right consistency. See, consistency is incredibly important when it comes to e-liquid. Because it has to be vaporized, the consistency has to be just right, or else the vape juice will either burn once heat is applied to it, or be so thick that it can’t be turned into vapor when the coil warms it up.
The thing is, there is no one perfect VG/PG ratio for e-liquids. This is because some vapers want more PG, and some want more VG. That’s why vape juice is offered in a wide range of ratios. The user can pick the one that best suits their needs and vape accordingly.
Let’s talk a bit about VG vs PG. VG is a sticky and thick ingredient that’s odorless and viscous. Like we said, consistency is important, and vape juice can’t be too watery or else it will burn. VG prevents this from happening thanks to its high smoke point and the fact that it’s thick enough to thicken up the e-liquid’s formula. Because it’s thick, it allows clouds to thicken as well.
Meanwhile, PG is thinner and runnier. Therefore, it exists to balance out the VG, preventing the vape juice from being too thick to vape. PG, being thinner, thins out the vape clouds. But it also seems to help concentrate the flavor and provide a stronger throat hit thanks to the way in which it evaporates.
Higher VG e-juices, therefore, produce thicker clouds. Higher PG juices, on the other hand, produce thinner clouds, but a stronger flavor and a more potent hit to the back of the throat on the inhale.
MAX VG: “MAX” means maximum, which, as you can imagine, means that the e-liquid contains as much VG as possible, and barely any PG. Like we said, the higher the VG amount, the thicker the clouds will be. MAX VG is ideal for vapers who want to chase thick, enormous clouds more than anything else. With a MAX VG, your e-liquid will last longer as well, because it’s denser than high PG e-liquid, and so it will take longer to evaporate when heat is applied to it. However, if you’re using a MAX VG vape juice with a super high wattage level, the high output setting will likely make up the difference as it burns through more vape juice per hit.
MAX PG: This ratio contains as much PG as possible, with as little VG as possible. Like we said earlier, PG gives you more flavor and a stronger throat hit, but thinner clouds. If you’re not really interested in chasing huge clouds, but you want a nice, bold flavor and a strong hit to the throat, MAX PG may be right for you. Bear in mind that MAX PG works best with lower wattage levels because it’s so thin that high wattage levels can burn the vape juice, altering its flavor in a negative way.
90VG/10PG: This ratio is one step below MAX VG, and it will still give you enormous, dense vape clouds, but with a little more flavor and a subtle hit to the throat. This ratio is great for anyone who wants to chase clouds but doesn’t want to completely miss out on the richness of the flavor of the e-liquid. Bear in mind that with this ratio, the throat hit will be subtle.
80VG/20PG: This is one of the most popular ratios because cloud-chasers can get the massive plumes of vapor that they desire, but they still get a decent amount of flavor and a subtle throat hit. Many vapers who use high-wattage systems choose this ratio because it seems to give them everything that they desire in terms of cloud size and taste. This is also one of the most common ratios that you’ll find when you’re shopping for vape juices, so if this is the one for you, you’re in luck.
75VG/25PG: This ratio is the next step down, and it’s a bit more balanced. However, it’s less common, as there is rarely a ratio between 80/20 and 70/30. This ratio will, again, give you nicely sized clouds, and it will give you a fuller flavor, and a slight hit to the throat.
70VG/30PG:The other extremely common ratio for sub-ohm vapers. Considered to be the most popular alternative to 80/20, since it allows vapers to enjoy a bold flavor and a nice throat hit, while still getting a good amount of thick, luscious vapor. Also, one of the best ratios for high-wattage systems, aside from 80/20. The thickness of the e-liquid formula is still good enough to work with very high output levels without burning. This means that you don’t have to turn your wattage level down to accommodate this ratio.
60VG/40PG: Are less common, but still very popular, especially those who use mid-wattage devices. Because of the higher PG level, super high wattages could burn the flavor a bit, which no one wants. This ratio gives you a very nice throat hit and a great, bold flavor. You’ll still get a decent amount of cloud production; only it won’t be as thick or abundant as higher VG ratios. You can definitely still use this ratio with a sub-ohm system, but we recommend keeping the wattage level between 50-80 watts.
50VG/50PG: As you can imagine, this gives you a nice balance between cloud production, flavor and throat hit. 50/50 ratios are typically used with lower-wattage systems, such as vaping devices that don’t exceed 80 watts. The thinner consistency works best with lower output levels due to the fact that PG can burn the flavor a bit when the wattage is too high. This ratio is also the most common one found in salt-based nicotine e-juices because of how they’re used with low-wattage devices called pod mods.
Overall, Ratios Make the Vaping Difference!
Knowing how ratios affect your experience can help you make better choices in order to customize your vape sessions according to your needs. Use this guide to learn about how each alters one’s vape sessions, and then use that information to purchase vape supplies and start making your own vape juice today.